Moonshine, or illegal whiskey production, has played an important role in the history and culture of North Carolina. North Carolina provided ample water resources as well as grain and a variety of products for the production of alcohol. That, along with a robust rail system, made NC a home for distilling. For many years, the production of moonshine was an important source of income for many rural communities, particularly during the time of Prohibition when the sale and consumption of alcohol were banned nationwide. The production of illegal whiskey was also connected to the rise of stock car racing, as many moonshiners would use their modified cars to outrun law enforcement on the back roads.

Moonshine production in North Carolina is also closely tied to the state's historical and cultural identity. The term "moonshine" is said to have originated in the state, and the production of illegal whiskey has been a part of the state's history for centuries. The tradition of moonshine production and bootlegging continues to be celebrated in North Carolina, with annual festivals and events that honor this aspect of the state's heritage.

Additionally, the industry has had an economic impact on North Carolina, as the production of legal moonshine and whiskey is now a thriving business in the state, with many distilleries producing high-quality spirits.

Moonshine is important in North Carolina due to its historical, cultural and economic significance, as it has been an integral part of the state's history and identity for many years and continues to shape it today.